Each and every garden consists of a mixture of different micro-environments. No two gardens offer exactly the same conditions, and this is one of the reasons why gardening is such an exciting hobby.

The soil is the starting point for successful gardening. The old saying ‘The secret lies in the soil’ couldn’t be more right! Your soil type is fundamental in dictating what varieties of plants can be grown and the first thing you need to do is establish which soil you’ll be working with. There are four main types: clay, sand, loam and chalk. The best way to tell which soil you have in your garden is to pick some up and mix it with a little water in the palm of your hand, trying to work it into a small ball.